Sites relating to
the Salisbury Confederate Prison are included in the information below.
“Searching for the Confederacy in Rowan County”, a pamphlet, was prepared
and published February 14, 1994 by Sue J. Curtis, President of the Robert F.
Hoke Chapter No. 78, United Daughters of the Confederacy®, and subsequently
(West Innes at Church Street)
Commissioned by the
Robert F. Hoke Chapter No. 78 of the United Daughters of the Confederacy®
this Memorial was dedicated on May 10, 1909 to the 2,500 Confederate
soldiers from Rowan County. Among those attending the dedication service,
held on North Carolina’s Confederate Memorial Day, were 162 Confederate
veterans and Mrs. Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson of Charlotte. This unique
bronze grouping was sculpted by Frederick W. Ruckstuhl and sits atop a base
of Rowan pink granite on land given to the Chapter by the City Council.
There is a sister monument in Baltimore with the soldier carrying a furled
flag instead of a broken gun. In 1990 the Chapter had the bronze sculptor
restored so that it could be enjoyed by future generations.
(An entrance to the stockade was located on East Bank Street beyond
the existing railroad bridge)
The Prison Compound of
16 acres contained an abandoned cotton factory and some houses. A wooden
stockade surrounded the Prison which was in use from 1861 to 1865. The
facility was designed for 2,500 prisoners but was forced to handle four
times this many after the Union stopped the exchange of POW’s in August of
1864. Union General George Stoneman set fire to the Prison in April 1865 but
he freed no prisoners as they had been moved two months prior to his
arrival. This Prison was the only Prison burned and had the only Prison
Commandant tried and found innocent of war crimes. The Salisbury Confederate
Prison Symposium is sponsored annually by the Hoke Chapter for individuals
interested in the history of the Prison and those who were there.
THE GARRISON HOUSE
(224 East Bank Street)
This log home is
located near the main entrance of the Prison and is said to have been used
by the Guards.
(202 Government Road)
Those who died at the
Salisbury Confederate Prison were taken to a site ¼ mile SW of the compound
for burial. After October 1864 a mass grave system was necessary. Eighteen
trenches each 240 feet long, were eventually needed for the estimated 5,000
POW’s. In 1866 Union dead from Lexington, Charlotte, Morganton and other
North Carolina locations were re-interred here. The Salisbury National
Cemetery was established in 1870 and contains three monuments erected to the
men who died at the Salisbury Confederate Prison by the Federal Government
and the states of Pennsylvania and Maine. The North Carolina Division of the
United Daughters of the Confederacy® placed a marker in 1994 to help
visitors locate the Prison site in relationship to the burials.
CONFEDERATE PRISON SYMPOSIUM
(P.O. Box 5093, Salisbury, NC 28147-0088)
This three-day event,
sponsored by the Robert F. Hoke Chapter No. 78, United Daughters of the
Confederacy, is held annually in April. It features a Reunion of Descendants
and Friendship Banquet on Friday, lectures and displays on Saturday, and
memorial services on Sunday. At the first Symposium in 1998 the idea for a
new organization devoted to the Salisbury Confederate Prison was born.
Several members of the Robert F. Hoke Chapter worked to establish a
non-profit organization for men and women who were interested in preserving
the history of the prison and those who were there.
CONFEDERATE PRISON ASSOCIATION, INC.
(P.O. Box 5093, Salisbury, NC 2814-0088)
This non-profit 501 (c)
(3) organization was organized in April 1999 to preserve the history of the
prison and those who were there. The group is working to establish a museum
and learning center and is currently collecting diaries, military records,
images, etc. related to the Prison. Membership is $10 per year and all
interested individuals are invited to join. Members, when available, give
tours of the Prison site and related areas. Contact the Association by
phone: 704-637-6411, email: firstname.lastname@example.org, or mail: P.O. Box 5093,
Salisbury, NC 28147-0088.
CONVENTION & VISITORS BUREAU
(204 East Innes Street)
Audiocassettes for tours of the
Prison site and the Historic National Cemetery can be obtained here.
ROWAN PUBLIC LIBRARY
EDITH CLARK HISTORY ROOM
(201 West Fisher Street)
This research center is
housed on the third floor of the Library. The Robert F. Hoke Chapter has
helped raise funds for books and microfilm on the War Between the States.
One such set of books that is a great help to anyone looking for a
Confederate ancestor from any state is The Roster of Confederate Soldiers
1861-1865. Among the sets of microfilm purchased by the Chapter are: the
Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers who Served in Organizations
from the State of North Carolina; the selected rolls of the Compiled Service
Records of Confederate Generals and Staff Officers and Non-Regimental
Enlisted Men; the Confederate Navy and Marine Corps Records; the Reference
Files Relating to Confederate Medical Officers; the Register of Confederate
Soldiers, Sailors, and Citizens Who Died in Federal Prisons and Hospitals In
the North, 1861-1865; the selected rolls of Case Files of applications From
Former Confederates for Pardons; the Compiled Service Records of Confederate
Soldiers Who Served in Organizations Raised Directly By the Confederate
Government; and the North Carolina Confederate Pension Records.
DR. JOSEPHUS HALL
(226 South Jackson Street)
This home, restored
and owned by the Historic Salisbury Foundation, was once the residence of
one of the medical doctors at the Salisbury Confederate Prison, Dr. Josephus
Hall. His application as an officer for a pardon after the War Between the
States and his pardon from President Andrew Johnson hang in the upstairs
hallway. The house was taken for the use of General Stoneman when he and his
Raiders invaded Salisbury.
GOVERNOR ELLIS HOUSE
(200 South Ellis Street)
John Willis Ellis was a
practicing attorney in Salisbury. He lived with his widowed sister in the
house she had built in 1850. He was elected as Governor of North Carolina in
1858 and re-elected in 1860. He refused Lincoln’s call for troops after the
firing on Fort Sumter by stating that “I regard the levy of troops made by
the administration for the purpose of subjugating the Sates of the South as
in violation of the Constitution and a gross usurpation of power. I can be
no party to this wicked violation of the laws of the country, and this war
upon the liberties of a free people. troops from North Carolina.” Ellis
served as Governor of North Carolina until his untimely death in 1861 at age
OLD ENGLISH CEMETERY
(200 Block, North Church Street)
Governor Ellis, who was
originally buried in Davidson County at the family plantation, was
re-interred here in April 1861 next to his wife, Mary White Ellis. There are
a number of Confederate soldiers buried in this Cemetery.
(211 North Church Street)
On the Church grounds
formerly stood an Incense Cedar tree brought from Asia to Mrs. Julia Smyth
in 1855 by Wade Hampton. Hampton later became one of South Carolina’s most
famous Confederate Generals. The Church owns a silver communion set donated
by Mrs. Jefferson Davis, wife of the Confederate States President.
(501 North Lee Street)
Colonel Charles F.
Fisher, organizer of the Sixth Regiment NCST, was buried here after being
killed at the First Battle of Manassas on July 21, 1861. Fort Fisher on the
North Carolina Coast is named for him, as is the local chapter of the
Children of the Confederacy. Sarah Johnston, a local resident who helped
care for the sick POW’s at the Salisbury Confederate Prison, is also buried
here. 175 tombstones for Confederate soldiers were installed in 1996 by the
Hoke Chapter for those men who died in the local wayside and government
hospitals and at the Salisbury Confederate Prison.
(Northwest corner of Lee and Council Streets)
Established in July 1862 this hospital
was supported by the local community to care for sick and wounded soldiers.
(202 North Main Street)
Among the items the
museum houses is memorabilia from Salisbury native Frances Fisher Tiernan
(“Christian Reid”), daughter of Colonel Charles F. Fisher and author of more
than 40 books, plays, short stories and poems. Her works include the
Confederate play, “Under the Southern Cross”, and the poem, “Gloria Victis”,
which was read at the dedication of her Hoke Chapter Confederate Monument in
1909. The Museum is located in the Old Rowan County Courthouse.
OLD ROWAN COUNTY
(202 North Main Street)
Constructed in 1856
this building served as the county's legal center until 1914. Legend says
the Courthouse was spared from the torch by Union General George Stoneman
due to pleas by fellow Masons. The Robert F. Hoke Chapter, UDC® once held
their meetings in this building.
(East Kerr Street beside railroad tracks)
From 1863 to the end of
the War the Confederate Government was using the foundry at this location
for the manufacture of all types of guns, ammunition, and horseshoes.
(North Long Street and Bringle Ferry Road)
In January 1864 the
Confederate Government erected fifteen buildings for hospital purposes on
land donated by Archibald Henderson.
(1134 South Main Street)
The graves of Colonel
Archibald Boyden, who served as Courier for Major General Robert F. Hoke,
Captain John Andrew Ramsay, who served in Co. D, 1st Regiment North Carolina
Artillery, and Dr. Josephus Hall are located here. A new marker was placed
in 1992 by the Hoke Chapter for charter member Frances Fisher Tiernan
(“Christian Reid”) who died March 24, 1920.
BATTLE OF GRANT’S
(West Innes Street near Catawba College)
Stoneman’s troops on their entrance into Salisbury on April 12, 1865 were
met with resistance from Confederate defenders under the command of General
William M. Gardner.
REV. THOMAS B.
HAUGTON HOME SITE
(100 Block of East Innes Street)
Some sources state that
President Jefferson Davis spent the night of April 14, 1865 at the home of
the Rector of St. Luke’s Episcopal Church on his retreat South from
LUCIUS EUGENE POLK
Polk’s parents moved to
Tennessee shortly after his birth on July 10, 1833. In 1861 he joined the
First Arkansas Infantry Regiment of the Army of Tennessee and rose to the
rank of Brigadier General.
(212-214 South Main Street)
On April 1, 1870
General Robert E. Lee and his daughter traveled by carriage from the
Salisbury Railway Depot to the Boyden House (later renamed the Empire Hotel)
for breakfast. The reunion dinner for Salisbury Confederate Prison POW’s
from Pennsylvania was held at this hotel in 1910 with the Governors of North
Carolina and Pennsylvania in attendance.
BATTLE OF YORK HILL
(Highway 29 at Yadkin River)
On April 13, 1865,
Confederate forces under the command of Colonel J.C. Pemberton, former
commander at Vicksburg, successfully defended the Yadkin River Bridge
against a Union assault.